Diagonal Contributions

This is a tale that starts on my previous dayjob. My role as an SRE had been (for the most part) one of support, with teams dedicated to developing the product, and my team making sure that it would perform reliably and without waste. The relationship with “the product team” has varied over time and depending on both the product and the SRE team disposition, sometimes in not particularly healthy way either.

In one particular team, I found myself supporting (together with my team) six separate product teams, spread between Shanghai, Zurich and Mountain View. This put particular pressure on the dynamics of the team, particularly when half of the members (based in Pittsburgh) didn’t even have a chance to meet the product team of two services (based in Shanghai), as they would be, in the normal case, 12 hours apart. It’s in this team that I started formulating the idea I keep referring to as “diagonal contributions”.

You see, there’s often a distinction between horizontal and vertical contributions. Vertical referring to improving everything of a service, from the code itself, to its health checks, release, deployment, rollout, … While horizontal referring to improving something of every service, such as making every RPC based server be monitored through the same set of metrics. And there are different schools of thought on which option is valid and which one should be incentivised, and so it usually depends on your manager and their manager on which one of the two approach you’ll be rewarded to take.

When you’re supporting so many different teams directly, vertical contributions are harder on the team overall — when you go all in to identify and fix all the issues for one of the products, you end up ignoring the work needed for the others. In these cases an horizontal approach might pay off faster, from an SRE point of view, but it comes with a cost: the product teams would then have little visibility into your work, which can turn into a nasty confrontation, particularly depending on the management you find yourself dealing with (on both sides).

It’s in that situation that I came up with “diagonal contributions”: improve a pain point for all the services you own, and cover as many services you can. In a similar fashion to rake collection, this is not an easy balance to strike, and it takes experience to have it done right. You can imagine from the previous post that my success at working on this diagonal has varied considerably depending on teams, time, and management.

What did work for me, was finding some common pain points between the six products I supported, and trying to address those not with changes to the products, but with changes to the core libraries they used or the common services they relied upon. This allowed me to show actual progress to the product teams, while solving issues that were common to most of the teams in my area, or even in the company.

It’s a similar thing with rake collection for me: say there’s a process you need to follow that takes two to three days to go through, and four out of your six teams are supposed to go through it — it’s worth it to invest four to six days to reduce the process to something that takes even just a couple of hours: you need fewer net people-days even just looking at the raw numbers, which is very easy to tell, but that’s not where it stops! A process that takes more than a day adds significant risks: something can happen overnight, the person going through the process might have to take a day off, or they might have a lot of meetings the following day, adding an extra day to the total, and so on.

This is also another reason why I enjoy this kind of work — as I said before, I disagree with Randall Munroe when it comes to automation. It’s not just a matter of saving time to do something trivial that you do rarely: automation is much less likely to make one-off mistakes (it’s terrifyingly good at making repeated mistakes of course), and even if it doesn’t take less time than a human would take, it doesn’t take human time to do stuff — so a three-days-long process that is completed by automation is still a better use of time than a two-days-long process that rely on a person having two consecutive days to work on it.

So building automation or tooling, or spending time making it easier to use core libraries, are in my books a good way to make contributions that are more valuable than just to your immediate team, while not letting your supported teams feel like they are being ignored. But this only works if you know which pain points your supported teams have, and you can make a case that your work directly relates to those pain points — I’ve seen situations where a team has been working on very valuable automation… that relieved no pain from the supported team, giving them a feeling of not being taken into consideration.

In addition to a good relationship with the supported team, there’s another thing that helps. Actually I would argue that it does more than just help, and is an absolute requirement: credibility. And management support. The former, in my experience, is a tricky one to understand (or accept) for many engineers, including me — that’s because often enough credibility in this space is related to the actions of your predecessors. Even when you’re supporting a new product team, it’s likely its members have had interactions with support teams (such as SRE) in the past, and those interactions will colour the initial impression of you and your team. This is even stronger when the product team was assigned a new team — or you’re a new member of a team, or you’re part of the “new generation” of a team that went through a bit of churn.

The way I have attacked that problem is by building up my credibility, by listening, and asking questions of what the problems the team feel are causing them issues are. Principles of reliability and best practices are not going to help a team that is struggling to find the time to work even on basic monitoring because they are under pressure to deliver something on time. Sometimes, you can take some of their load away, in a way that is sustainable for your own team, in a way that gains credibility, and that further the relationship. For instance you may be able to spend some time writing the metric-exposing code, with the understanding that the product team will expand it as they introduce new features.

The other factor as I said is management — this is another of those things that might bring a feeling of unfairness. I have encountered managers who seem more concerned about immediate results than the long-term pictures, and managers who appear afraid of suggesting projects that are not strictly within the scope of reliability, even when they would increase the team’s overall credibility. For this, I unfortunately don’t have a good answer. I found myself overall lucky with the selection of managers I have reported to, on average.

So for all of you out there in a position of supporting a product team, I hope this post helped giving you ideas of how to building a more effective, more healthy relationship.

One thought on “Diagonal Contributions

  1. And sometimes, credibility is gained by taking things on that would improve the service, even if that would take longer to complete than if someone in the product team did it, simply because you can bump t to the “now” part of the timeline, instead of the “we may get to it in a couple of quarters” timeline of the product team.

    That is how a thing I improved for one of the services I was on-boarding (basically, changing from “two hard-coded decision points for participating in leader election” to “plugin-based design with three out-of-the-box”) ended up becoming a general library used by many services (although that also involved a move out of the product’s source tree to a more general place, at which point it as no longer obvious that it was my work initially).

    Liked by 1 person

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